Chicken Breed Egg Color – Cracking the Code

Hello there, fellow poultry enthusiasts! If you’ve found yourself clicking onto this post, it’s likely you’re dipping your toes into the fascinating world of backyard chicken keeping. You’re not alone! This trend has been gaining popularity in recent years as more people are seeking a closer connection to their food sources. But it’s not just about the eggs or meat; it’s also about the fun and educational experiences this can offer.

Now, let’s get cracking on our topic today – chicken breed and egg color. It might be surprising to learn, but not all chickens lay the classic white eggs you see in the grocery store. Oh no, the palette ranges from white, to brown, to blue, green, and even chocolate! Intriguing, isn’t it? Let’s hatch open this egg of knowledge!

Unraveling the Palette: Why the Different Egg Colors?

Believe it or not, the color of a chicken’s egg is actually determined by the breed of the chicken. It’s all about genetics and a pigment called “protoporphyrin IX”. Chickens that lay brown eggs have this pigment in their shells, whereas chickens that lay white eggs lack this pigment.

chicken breed egg color

What’s in a Breed? Chicken Varieties and Egg Colors

Let’s dive into some common and unique chicken breeds and the corresponding egg color they are known for.

1. White Leghorns

Starting with a classic, the White Leghorns are prolific layers of white eggs. They are known for their efficiency, laying approximately 280-320 eggs per year.

2. Rhode Island Reds

One of the more popular breeds for backyard chicken keeping, the Rhode Island Reds, lay medium to large brown eggs. They’re hardy birds that typically lay around 200-300 eggs a year.

3. Plymouth Rocks (Barred Rocks)

This American breed is a reliable layer of brown eggs. Plus, their distinctive black and white stripes make them a striking addition to your flock.

4. Ameraucanas

This breed is known for their stunning blue eggs. If you’re looking for an Easter basket vibe, Ameraucanas are your go-to breed.

5. Marans

Want some chocolate in your egg basket? Marans are known for laying eggs that are deep, rich, chocolate brown in color. It’s like Easter every day!

6. Olive Eggers

As their name suggests, Olive Eggers produce beautiful olive-green eggs. These birds are not a specific breed, but a cross of a blue egg layer (like Ameraucanas) and a brown egg layer.

Common Misconceptions

Contrary to popular belief, the color of the eggshell does not determine the nutritional value of the egg. Regardless of the color, all eggs contain similar amounts of protein, vitamins, and minerals. A hen’s diet and lifestyle are what really impact an egg’s nutritional content.

Now, who’s ready to be an eggspert? Let’s get into the FAQS! This is where we answer the 20 most frequently asked questions related to our topic.

ALSO SEE: Best Tasting Chicken Breeds


  1. Does the color of the chicken determine the color of the eggs? Not necessarily. Some attributes such as earlobe color can be a clue, but it’s not a definitive indicator. The breed determines the egg color.
  2. Are brown eggs healthier than white eggs? No, the color of an eggshell does not impact its nutritional content. The diet and lifestyle of the hen have a greater impact on an egg’s nutritional value.
  3. Can one chicken lay eggs of different colors? Generally, a hen lays eggs of the same color throughout her life. However, the shade may vary slightly.
  4. Why are some egg yolks more orange than others? This has to do with the hen’s diet. A diet rich in carotenoids (found in foods like corn and leafy greens) can lead to a more vibrant yolk.
  5. Can you tell what color eggs a chicken will lay when they are chicks? Not directly by looking at the chick, but if you know the breed, you can predict the egg color.
  6. Do different colored eggs taste different? No, the taste of an egg is determined by a hen’s diet and not the color of the shell.
  7. What breed of chicken lays the most eggs? The White Leghorn is often considered the most prolific layer.
  8. Are blue and green eggs safe to eat? Absolutely! They are just as safe and nutritious as white or brown eggs.
  9. Can a brown egg layer chicken and a white egg layer chicken produce a different color egg layer offspring? Not necessarily. The egg color is typically a dominant trait that comes from specific breeds.
  10. How often do chickens lay eggs? On average, a healthy, well-cared-for hen can lay about 5-7 eggs per week.
  11. What determines the size of an egg? Generally, the size of an egg depends on the age, breed, and health of a hen.
  12. Do chickens lay eggs all year round? Most hens will lay less frequently during winter due to decreased daylight hours.
  13. Do different breeds of chickens get along with each other? Generally, yes. But it’s best to monitor new introductions to ensure they are adjusting well.
  14. Do I need a rooster for my hens to lay eggs? No, hens will lay eggs without a rooster. However, a rooster is necessary for the eggs to be fertilized and hatch into chicks.
  15. Do the eggs of different chicken breeds look different on the inside? No, the inside of an egg doesn’t vary much based on breed. The hen’s diet affects the yolk’s color.
  16. Why do some eggs have two yolks? Double yolks are usually laid by young hens whose egg production cycles are not yet completely synchronized.
  17. Why are some of my hen’s eggs shell-less? Shell-less eggs can occur due to stress, dietary imbalance, or if the egg is laid too early.
  18. Why are my hen’s eggs so small? Young hens often start by laying smaller eggs. The size should increase as the hen matures.
  19. How long do chickens live? On average, backyard chickens live between 5-10 years, depending on the breed and the care they receive.
  20. How can I support my chickens to lay the best quality eggs? Provide a balanced diet, clean water, plenty of space to roam, regular vet check-ups, and a secure, clean coop for them to live in.

Keeping chickens can be a rewarding and educational experience, not to mention the fresh eggs! Understanding the link between breed and egg color adds an extra layer of enjoyment to this hobby. So, whether you’re hoping for a rainbow egg basket or have a particular hue in mind, you can choose the perfect breeds to match your egg-spectations. Happy chicken keeping!

Until the next post, cluck on, dear friends!

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